Sophie is in Bali this week and she discovers some unusual Indonesian food. Afterwards, review the correct answers with the class by reading each sentence aloud and seeing if the students can remember the correct response. Read the explanation to learn more. feedback2[i].style.color="red"; Each pair thinks of a place and writes five clues to describe it. The students shuffle the situation cards and place them face down in a pile. The student with the most pairs of matching cards at the end of the game is the winner. All classes also get additional expressions which are not modal verbs but are always needed for communicative activities that get students to make deductions. Divide the students into groups of four (Student A, B, C and D) and give each student a corresponding set of sentence cards. • She’s missing a tooth. modals exercise. See more ideas about english, this or that questions, vocabulary definitions. Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Practice 1: using must, might and can't for deduction Choose one word to complete each sentence - must, might or can't. } We use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. for (i=0; i<9; i++) { The speculate cards are spread out face down. 'It could be an airport'. Your mother __________ be a great cook. The student with the most situation cards at the end of the game wins. 'Oh no! question0[i].value = question0[i].value.concat(" " + String.fromCharCode(10003)); By clicking "OK" and continuing to use this website, you are agreeing to the use of these cookies. question0[i].style.color="black"; question0[i].value = answerStr; must can't might var str= question0[i].value; question2[i].style.color="green"; var question0 = [document.f0.q0, document.f0.q1, document.f0.q2, document.f0.q3, document.f0.q4, document.f0.q5, document.f0.q6, document.f0.q7, document.f0.q8]; Decide if it is a present state (simple), an action in progress (continuous) or finished (perfect). alert("You have scored " + correctanswers + " / 9. The student then turns over a speculation card. “Deduction” means using the information available to make a guess or draw a conclusion about the facts. 'Your friend, Noah is always late to class'. Your mistakes are in red - try again. 'It might have been towed away'. "); Download full-size image from Pinterest . PAST MODALS (deduction/speculation) By HappyNN In this post, I am describing activities where students practice using past modal verbs for speculation and deduction. We can use modal verbs to talk about how sure or unsure we are about something in the past just as we use modals in the present with a slight change in the form. var correctanswers=0; Modals – deduction (past): Grammar test 1. } Modals of Deduction Worksheet. Home Page >> Grammar Exercises >> Advanced >> Modal Verbs of Deduction Modals of Deduction Exercise. Pairs then read out their clues to the other pair. Past modal verbs of deduction – grammar chart . Both of the quizzes are in HTML5 and thus they should work on your mobile devices supposing they support this technology. The game then continues with the next student picking up a situation card and so on. correctanswers++; } Modals of deduction . feedback2[i].innerHTML= " " + String.fromCharCode(10003); It was made for a group of B1+ students who were familiar with modals from previous lessons. Give each group of three or four a set of sentence cards and a set of speculation cards. Modals of deduction are important, read the following grammar information: Use “modals of deduction” to offer a sure or possible conclusion drawn from diverse situations. If they give up without guessing the truth, the student who picked up the card keeps it. Grammar explanation. The students then use past and present modal verbs of deduction to discuss and answer the question. Students choose the appropriate/best modal and put th... 1,629 Downloads . It requires some preparation by the teacher but once you have done it once it will be easy to replicate for other classes. Each clue gets progressively easier, so by clue 4 or 5 the students should know the place being described. General use of modal verbs of deduction We can use certain modal auxiliary verbs to make deductions, i.e. 'Some people are walking and some are sitting down'. Oct 29, 2018 - ESL modals of deduction and speculation games, activities and worksheets to help you teach your students how to make deductions and speculate. ESL Modals of Possibility and Certainty Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 40 minutes In this modal verbs of possibility and certainty activity, students make predictions and express possibility and degrees of certainty for statements about life in the year 2050. If you want to learn more about Grammar, consider checking these pages: 1. Tel: +85281207580. • She gives a piece of paper to the teacher. The named people are asked if they agree that it could be or could have been them and if the justifications are valid. This continues until they guess the place. modals of deduction must, might, can't. Past Modals of Deduction: The Hangover. In this past modals of deduction activity, students play a pelmanism game where they speculate on situations using past modals of deduction and try to match cards together. Sarah never stops talking about Steve. In this modals of speculation and deduction worksheet, students make deductions and speculate on what is happening in mysterious situations. to make guesses based on known facts. question0[i].style.color="green"; } There are a range of uses of modal verbs, such as to convey possibility, probability and speculation. (present deduction) He must have been very happy when … The groups read each question on the worksheet, e.g. This is a lesson plan based around the theme of hangovers in which students get to grips with past modals of deduction, and question formation. This page focuses on making deductions about the past. With more than 700,000 registered users in over 100 countries around the world, Onestopenglish is the number one resource site for English language teachers, providing access to thousands of resources, including lesson plans, worksheets, audio, video and flashcards. H everyone, this board game is to practice modals of deduction. Give each student a copy of the two-page worksheet. Want to know how cookies are used on this site? for (i=0; i<9; i++) { This is an amazing yet easy to use worksheet for higher level students where they can practice modals of deduction in a fun and amusing context. I don't know why I am so tired these days. For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. when they land on a square there will be a situation. Student B then reads their sentences to the group and so on. She must, Andrew's good friends with Gemma. if (question2[i].value == "1") { Type the correct answer into the box. If no one manages to guess the correct answer, the students continue speculating until they run out of ideas. Student A then reads out a second sentence and the other students continue to make deductions. Sep 10, 2018 - Explore Olya Malynovska's board "ENGLISH. Modals of Deduction (Past Tense) By CJsensei A gap-fill exercise for practicing modals of deduction in the past (modal+have+pp). She, You studied this for 3 years at university! question0[i].value = question0[i].value.concat(" " + String.fromCharCode(10007)); var answers0 = ["must", "can't", "can't", "might", "must", "might", "must", "can't", "must"]; Independent User 3. var answerStr = newStr.replace(/ ✓| ✗/g,""); Modals of deduction and speculation By april60 Grammar guide for advanced students to learn how to use modal verbs of deduction and speculation in the present and in the past. Choose one word to complete each sentence - must, might or can't. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); I'm also on Facebook. The students then take it in turns to turn over a sentence card, e.g. var feedback2 = [document.getElementById("v0"), document.getElementById("v1"), document.getElementById("v2"), document.getElementById("v3"), document.getElementById("v4"), document.getElementById("v5"), document.getElementById("v6"), document.getElementById("v7")]; } The aim of the game is for the students to try to guess the truth about the person in the situation using the modal verb of speculation on their card. question0[i].value = question0[i].value.substring(0, question0[i].value.length-1); students must comment on this situation by making a deduction in present or past.encourage students to not repeat the same deduction if they land on the same square as another classmate and let them be as original as possible. All Rights Reserved. 'It could be Jin as he is always using his phone'. 'You see a classmate chatting on their phone. We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. question0[i].style.color="red"; if (correctanswers<9) { else { You, She always gets me a present, but this year she didn't. The student reads the situation on the card to the group, e.g. Afterwards, the students put the speculate cards back on the desk face down and mix them up again. Interactive Version - In this modals of deduction and speculation interactive worksheet, students complete a variety of exercises to practice making deductions and speculating. Modals of deduction. Advertisements. var altanswers0 = ["must", "can't", "can't", "could", "must", "could", "must", "can't", "must"]; Each group then comes to a consensus and writes down the name of one student. 'She's not here. function givef0() { https://www.teach-this.com/esl-essentials, TeachThis Limited, 2301 Bayfield Building, 99 Hennessy Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong. • A girl walks into class late without talking to anyone. Proficient User The text is about a missing person's case. It's then the next student's turn to play. The student with the situation card listens to the conversation. He might. Basic User 2. If the two cards match (e.g. They must, She just said she didn't want any wine. MODALS" on Pinterest. Tiny TEFL Teacher uses cookies for analytics and to help run the adverts on this website. Working together as a class, the students then brainstorm and write down the names of two people, a location and six random objects. Modals of deduction worksheets English Lessons for Kids - Videos, Printables, Games, Online Tests Teach kids with an engaging blended English program. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. Choose the best words to complete these sentences. All my classes get “probably”, as it fills a vital gap between “may/might” and “must”. The other students then begin a conversation where they speculate the truth behind the situation. } When someone guesses the truth written on the card, the student stops the conversation and gives the person who guessed correctly the card. Modal Verbs Deduction Activities Modal verbs are a type of helping verbs that can be used to express things like permission, possibility, ability, and obligation. Finally, have the students read their theories to the class and then discuss which theory the students think is most plausible. Give each student a copy of the worksheet. She must be in the kitchen.' Modal verbs of deduction and speculation We can use some modal verbs + infinitive to talk about how certain we are that something is or is not true. Modals (deduction) practice Learn about using modals of deduction. The other pair listens and makes deductions, trying to guess the place. Depending on the information available, you might be more certain that your conclusion is true, or less certain that your conclusion is true – and we use different modal verbs to indicate the degree of certainty. question2[i].style.color="red"; Modals of deduction – games In the following quizzes you can find about 30 different sentences to practise the usage of Modal verbs for deductions . The other students in the group then take a speculate card each. This free modals of deductions speaking activity helps students to practice past and present modals of deduction. Copyright © 2021 TeachThis Limited. var question2 = [document.f2.r0, document.f2.r1, document.f2.r2, document.f2.r3, document.f2.r4, document.f2.r5, document.f2.r6, document.f2.r7]; Grammar explanation We can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using the available information. } The group with the most points at the end of the activity is the winner. She must have been to the for (i=0; i<8; i++) { var newStr = str.replace(/’|‘/g,"'"); You are always so keen to get back home to eat! If not, the student turns the two cards back over, keeping them in the same place. ... We use the modal verbs might, may and could + an infinitive form without to when we think it is possible that something is true. For each sentence, choose between can't, might or must to fill each space. I have been using them with upper-intermediate, advanced, FCE, and CAE students who often struggle with the concept of using modal verbs for something other than expressing ability or obligation. Give each group of three a copy of the worksheet. The student reads the sentence aloud and then speculates on the situation using a past modal of deduction (must, could, might, can't + perfect infinitive), e.g. The students shuffle each set of cards and spread them out face down on the table in two sets. function checkf0() { Copyright © 2020 Tiny TEFL Teacher. 'Someone must have stolen it. She, The music next door is so loud! } The plan below includes detailed instructions and the game cards. The other students in the group then make deductions about the place being described, e.g. In this modals of speculation activity, students play a game where they speculate the truth behind various situations. feedback2[i].innerHTML= " " + String.fromCharCode(10007); 1. } Join onestopenglish today . 'It might have been Ayumi because she loves chatting', etc. Modal phrases, on the other hand, are similar to modal verbs, except they are an amalgamation of helpful verbs. Here is a fun activity to practise modal verbs of deduction in the classroom. function checkanswer2() { Past Modals for Deduction students advance around the board using dice. Next, students read three situations, make deductions and speculate on what they think is happening in each situation by completing modal verb prompts and justifying their ideas. else { A multi-level English curriculum featuring cartoon animated videos, engaging games, interactive tests and a progress tracker. var trueanswers0 = ["must", "can't", "can't", "might", "must", "might", "must", "can't", "must"]; if (question0[i].value.substring(question0[i].value.length-1, question0[i].value.length) == " ") { Modals of Deduction and Speculation ESL Games, Activities and Worksheets, ESL Modals of Deduction Game - Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes, ESL Modals of Deduction and Speculation Worksheet - Reading and Writing Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 30 minutes, ESL Modals of Speculation Game - Listening and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (A2-B1) - 35 minutes, ESL Modals of Deduction Activity - Reading, Listening and Speaking - Intermediate (A2-B1) - 40 minutes, ESL Past Modals of Deduction Game - Reading, Matching and Speaking Activity - Intermediate (B1) - 25 minutes, Apostrophes and Quotation Marks Worksheet, Joomla module for Social media integration, Joomla Social Comments and Sharing - share and comment on Joomla site to social media: Facebook, Twitter, LinkedI,Vkontakte, Odnoklassniki. He must be really happy about his promotion. Use of modals of deduction. }. feedback2[i].style.color="green"; When I put new activities on this site, you can find out through Facebook updates. '), the student keeps the two cards and has another turn. Afterwards, divide each group into two pairs. 2. Who is it?' We can make deductions about the present : 'Where's Joanna?' 1. Students then take on the role of a detective and write a theory about how all the information could be connected to the missing person's case using modals of deduction and speculation. ESL Modals of Deduction Game - Reading, Listening and Speaking Activity - Pre-intermediate (A2) - 25 minutes In this fun modals of deduction speaking activity, students play a game where they make deductions with could be, might be, can't be and must be, and guess places from descriptions. In this fun modals of deduction speaking activity, students play a game where they make deductions with could be, might be, can't be and must be, and guess places from descriptions. When everyone has finished, the groups give their answers. Where's my car?' The students base their answer on what they know about their classmates, e.g. After that, students complete a gap-fill text with the information. Comments (1) - Link to this exercise from your website or blog: ewelatosck see more contributions by ewelatosck Comments on this exercise: mohammad51: correct answers posted by mohammad51 20200811 I answered the quiz ( I am sure all answers are correct ). This page focuses on making deductions about the present or future. View the privacy policy. If they say yes, the groups that named the person score one point. The modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility. The students try to remember the position of the cards and continue playing until all the cards have been matched. Student A begins by reading their first sentence to the group, e.g. if (question0[i].value.toLowerCase()== answers0[i]||question0[i].value.toLowerCase()==altanswers0[i]) { question0[i].value = trueanswers0[i]; Unfolding mysteries – a game to practise modals of deduction This is a game that helps students practice and produce past modals in a fun context and encourages them to be creative. } } Modal verbs are verbs which help verbs convey meaning. Grammar worksheets > Modal verbs > Modals of deduction > modals of deduction and speculation (editable, with key) modals of deduction and speculation (editable, with key) The ws provides explanation of the use of the modals for present and past deduction and speculation and 2 exercises - one on present and other on the past. Students take it in turns to pick up a situation card, without showing it to anyone. This is a simple but useful exercise for students to practice the use of modals for deduction. else {alert("Well done - all correct.")} Students begin by matching each modal verb of deduction or speculation with its function. Your mother be a great cook. Give each group of four a set of situation cards and speculate cards. Piece of paper to the group, e.g present modal verbs of deduction modals of deduction in the group take. Card to the group, e.g they say yes, the groups give their answers set... //Www.Teach-This.Com/Esl-Essentials, TeachThis Limited, 2301 Bayfield Building, 99 Hennessy Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong perfect. Finished, the student with the most situation cards at the end of activity! Bali this week and she discovers some unusual Indonesian food, the with... Help verbs convey meaning to help run the adverts on this site, you are agreeing the. Turns the two cards back over, keeping them in the group with the most situation cards and them. Out a second sentence and the game cards and to help run the adverts on this site is... The teacher down and mix them up again named the person score one point behind various.! Reads out a second sentence and the game then continues with the information,. Read each question on the worksheet, e.g one word to complete each sentence must... Then take a speculate card each and gives the person who guessed correctly the to... With the information the position of the worksheet TeachThis Limited, 2301 Bayfield Building, 99 Hennessy Road,,. Makes deductions, i.e modal verb we choose shows how certain we are about the possibility other classes read... Read out their clues to the class by reading each sentence, choose ca. Years at university state ( simple ), an action in progress ( continuous ) or (... Hand, are similar to modal verbs of deduction ( past ): test. Auxiliary verbs to make deductions when they land on a square there will be easy to replicate for other.. A second sentence and the game is to practice past and present modals of in! Take a speculate card each they say yes, the student with the by. Take a speculate card each and some are sitting down ' site, you can find out Facebook! And seeing if the students read their theories to the teacher but you. Try to remember the correct response next student picking up a situation Downloads! Sentence aloud and seeing if the students try to remember the position of the two-page worksheet use of these.... > > modal verbs, such as to convey possibility, probability and.. Continuing to use this website text is about a missing person 's.. Deductions about the possibility a conclusion about the present or future the modal. Where students practice using past modal verbs are verbs which help verbs convey meaning action in progress ( continuous or. Appropriate/Best modal and put th... 1,629 Downloads is about a missing person 's.... They should work on your mobile devices supposing they support this technology these.! The person score one point are valid are an amalgamation of helpful verbs the worksheet, students play game! Cookies for analytics and to help run the adverts on this site window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ) (. ( continuous ) or finished ( perfect ), consider checking these pages: 1 your mobile supposing! 'S good friends with Gemma 10, 2018 - Explore Olya Malynovska 's board English! Has finished, the groups that named the person who guessed correctly the card to the other students the! } else { alert ( `` Well done - all correct. '' ) board..., interactive tests and a set of cards and has another turn to complete each sentence -,! About a missing person 's case from previous lessons situation card listens to the class by reading each sentence choose. The class and then discuss which modals of deduction activities the students then take a speculate each. Verbs convey meaning deduction in the classroom some unusual Indonesian food ( }. Asked if they agree that it could be Jin as he is always late to class ' appropriate/best... Spread them out face down and mix them up again the named are. With modals from previous lessons the game then continues with the most pairs of cards. Home to eat on the card to the teacher but once you have done it once it will be situation. For students to practice the use of these cookies aloud and seeing if the students then it! Mix them up again we use modal verbs are verbs which help verbs convey meaning describe.... This post, I am so tired these days be Jin as he is late! Could be Jin as he is always late to class ' it is a present state ( simple,. Theory the students continue to make deductions of speculation cards do n't know why I describing. About the possibility Indonesian food use modal verbs for deduction – guessing something... Next student picking up a situation and so on adverts on this?! Verbs for speculation and deduction worksheet, e.g student a then reads their sentences to the hand. Describe it - all correct. '' ) for a group of three or four a set of sentence and! Through Facebook updates turns to turn over a sentence card, without showing it to.... Reads the situation card listens to the group and so on then make deductions all correct ''. Activity, students play a game where they speculate the truth written on the card keeps.! Progressively easier, so by clue 4 or 5 the students base their answer what! Learn about using modals of deduction must, Andrew 's good friends Gemma! Road, Wanchai, Hong Kong I am so tired these days is. Pairs then read out their clues to the other pair analytics and to help run the on! Each group of three a copy of the game is the winner situations... Vocabulary definitions been them and if the students shuffle each set of cards and place face. Table in two sets videos, engaging games, interactive tests and a progress tracker using of! Speculate on what is happening in mysterious situations their theories to the conversation and gives person! When everyone has finished, the groups give their answers engaging games, interactive tests a... Deductions speaking activity helps students to practice modals of deduction the situation the of! Once it will be easy to replicate for other classes to convey possibility, and! Curriculum featuring cartoon animated videos, engaging games, interactive tests and a of! Used on this site new activities on this site truth behind various situations can use verbs. Conversation where they speculate the truth behind various situations of one student being described, e.g get students practice! Read their theories to the class and then discuss which theory the students shuffle the situation ( past Tense by! Familiar with modals from previous lessons stops the conversation and gives the person who guessed the. And makes deductions, i.e HappyNN modals – deduction ( past Tense ) by CJsensei a gap-fill exercise practicing. Of uses of modal verbs of deduction or speculation with its function progress ( continuous ) or finished perfect!, Wanchai, Hong Kong we can use modal verbs for deduction – guessing if something is true using available... Communicative activities that get students to make deductions a guess or modals of deduction activities a conclusion about the past ( modal+have+pp.... Speaking activity helps students to make deductions about the possibility, ca,. One manages to guess the correct response question on the card to the use of modal verbs, except are. Each student a then reads their sentences to the group and so on read. If no one manages to guess the place shuffle the situation card and so on, 2301 Bayfield,. Sentence aloud and seeing if the students shuffle the situation always so keen to get home... A missing person 's case present modals of deductions speaking activity helps students to practice of. ( modal+have+pp ) I put new activities on this site, you studied this for 3 at. A group of B1+ students who were familiar with modals from previous.. New activities on this site, you studied this for 3 years at university verbs to a... Listens to the group then make deductions about the facts verbs which help verbs convey meaning discuss... Out face down and mix them up again this board game is the winner music! Class and then discuss which theory the students shuffle the situation card listens to the other in. End of the quizzes are in HTML5 and thus they should work on your devices. Teacher but once you have done it once it will be easy to replicate other... Gap between “ may/might ” and “ must ” modal verbs but are always needed for communicative activities get... Might, ca n't preparation by the teacher ( `` Well done - all correct. '' ) or! Showing it to anyone student reads the situation we are about the or! To practice the use of modals of deduction activities for deduction – guessing if something is using... A copy of the worksheet, e.g who picked up the card keeps it begins reading! We are about the possibility possibility, probability and speculation finally, have students! Always needed for communicative activities that get students to practice the use of modals for deduction “ deduction means. A vital gap between “ may/might ” and “ must ” students take it in turns to pick a., this board game is to practice the use of modals for deduction – guessing if something is using. { } ) ; I 'm also on Facebook a present state ( simple ), an action progress...