Guderian was in favor of "Lösung C2" because this plan would shorten the time the 6th SS Panzer Division would need to stay in Hungary.  Gudarian then ordered Otto Wöhler to increase the daily fuel allowance from 400 to 500 cubic meters (400k to 500k liters) of fuel on February 26, and by the February 28 the specifics of the now officially named “Operation Frühlingserwachen” (G:Spring Awakening) was completed. Artillery Battalion (SU-76M, e.g.  These two quotes illustrate how seriously Hitler viewed his ruling: “Hitler considered the protection of Vienna and Austria as of vital importance and that he would rather see Berlin fall than lose the Hungarian oil area and Austria”, "He [Hitler] accepted the risk of the Russian threat to the Oder east of Berlin".  However, from February 17 to 18, the 2nd Ukrainian Front noticed the 1st SS Panzer division Leibstandarte and the 12th SS Panzer division Hitlerjugend fighting at the Garam River (S:Hron) during the German Operation Southwind.  The real plan for the units of 6th SS Panzer Army was to travel south through Vienna to their first Hungarian destination, the city of Győr and its surrounding area. Genomsnittsdjupet är 3,2 meter och maxdjupet By 15 April, the remnants of the 6th SS Panzer Army were north of Vienna, facing the Soviet 9th Guards and 46th Armies. All this time, the Hungarian Third Army would hold the area west of Budapest along the Vértes Mountains.. Artillery (Jagdpanzer 38(t) Hetzer, e.g. , On January 27, Heinz Guderian was tasked by Hitler to stop the 3rd Ukrainian Front in the vicinity on the Margit-Line in order to protect the vital oil fields. Wikipedia: Instance of: conflict: Part of: World War II: Location: Lake Balaton : Point in time: 15 April 1945: Start time: 6 March 1945: End time: 16 March 1945: 46° 58′ 48″ N, 18° 21′ 00″ E , The planning of Operation Spring Awakening is as interesting as the offensive itself, due to the chaotic nature of German military command this late in the war. For instance, only 1/3 of the 6th SS Panzer Army's staff were actually from the Waffen-SS.. , The last major German offensive on the Eastern Front of World War II, Interrupted Soviet offensive preparations, Units involved in Offensive (March 6–15, 1945). white, 19th Guards Tank Regiment (M4A2(76)W Sherman, markings: '2xx', e.g. 22nd Separate Training Tank Regiment (T-34, and a single, old KV-1S), 110th Tank Brigade (T-34/85, markings: 4xx, e.g. IL-2m3, 639th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik), e.g. It was not uncommon for the Soviets to actually search out and exploit the boundaries between the OKW and OKH as they knew these areas would suffer from poorer military command; the advance to Budapest is an example.. Get in By plane .  The main objectives of the operation were as follows: 1) the security of vital raw materials such as oil, bauxite, and manganese for iron, 2) arable land for food and crops, the Austrian military industrial complex, and the city of Vienna, 3) to stop the Soviet Advance. Between February 18 and March 3 the 233rd Rifle Division had dug 27 kilometers of trenches, 130 gun and mortar positions, 113 dugouts, 70 command posts and observation points, and laid 4,249 antitank and 5,058 antipersonnel mines, all this on a frontage of 5 kilometers. Kárd a Pajzs Mögött - A "Konrád" hadműveletek tőrténete, 1945 2.bővitett kiadás. It took place in Western Hungary on the Eastern Front and lasted from March 6th until March 15, 1945. Cholnoky Jenő: A Balaton jege (1907), A Balaton hidrológiája (1918) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I. It is now a lost film. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. 715th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 1 short diagonal tail stripe, e.g. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M), 11th Guards Cavalry Division (71st Tank Regiment: T-34, M4A2(75)W Sherman), 12th Guards Cavalry Division (54th Tank Regiment: T-34), 63rd Cavalry Division (60th Guards Tank regiment: M3 Lee, Valentine Mk. Every year many tourists come to Balaton from Germany. It was to advance from an area north of Lake Balaton, through the two lakes (Balaton and Velence), and southeast to capture territory from the Sió Channel to the Danube. The Balaton was popular during the Cold War with both Easterners and Westerners because it was cheap and relatively easy to reach from both sides of the Iron Curtain. Lake Balaton From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository Lake Balaton - largest lake in Hungary. U.S.A. 679183 at Simontornya), 13th Guards Air-landing Self-prop. Units during the final months of the war were very prone to location reassignments as the front situation evolved. , The 6th Army would join the 6th SS Panzer Army in its thrust southeast to the Danube, then turn north to cover the flank of “Frühlingserwachen”. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. 989th Ground Attack Regiment (IL-2m3 Sturmovik) - 1 long, 2 short diagonal tail stripes, e.g. Badacsony, basalt-covered residual butte, 1,437 feet (438 metres) in elevation, on the north bank of Lake Balaton in the Balaton Highlands of western Hungary. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International, 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. The operation, initially planned for March 5, began after German units were moved in great secrecy around Lake Balaton (German: Plattensee) to secure the last significant oil reserves still available to the Axis powers and prevent the Red Army from advancing towards Vienna. From January 27 through February 15, the Soviets conducted numerous successful counter-attacks, forcing the Germans to give up the greater portion of their territorial gains, pushing the front line back to the area between Lake Velence, the village of Csősz, and Lake Balaton. The Germans were driven back to the positions they had held before Operation Spring Awakening began. This is an example of a de-centralized command. The Balaton Uplands National Park is located about 40 km from Zalaegerszeg, to the north of Lake Balaton, the largest (more than 70 km long) freshwater lake of Central Europe. Some Hungarian units survived the fall of Budapest and the destruction which followed when the Soviets counterattacked after Operation Spring Awakening. G, Pz.IV Ausf.  As per “Lösung C2” 3 offensive prongs were planned, with the main attack of the 6th Army and 6th SS Panzer Army “Frühlingserwachen” being directed towards the Danube through Lakes Velence and Balaton; the 2nd Panzer Army’s “Eisbrecher” (G:Icebreaker) attacking eastward from the western end of Lake Balaton; and the LXXXXI Corps’ “Waldteufel” (G:Forest Devil) attacking north from the Drava River.  On February 27, Army Group South hosted a Chiefs-of-Staff conference to which the Chiefs-of-staff of the 2nd Panzer Army, 6th SS Panzer Army, 6th Army, 8th Army, and Luftflotte 4 attended; here the plans for Operation Spring Awakening were laid out. By January 21, only 5 days into Operation Konrad III, the Germans had taken the towns of Dunapentle and Adony which reside on the Western shore of the Danube. It was a failure for Nazi Germany.  Held in reserve, the 3rd Ukrainian Front also had the 18th Tank Corps and 23rd Tanks Corps, along with the 1st Guards Mechanized Corps and the 5th Guards Cavalry Corps. There are many places to be visited. Drama Between Budapest and Vienna: J.J. Fedorowicz Publishing, Inc. Számvéber, Norbert (2013). The operation was referred to in Germany as the Plattensee Offensive and in the Soviet Union as the Balaton Defensive Operation.  On March 5, the 6th SS Panzer Army took over command of the Hungarian II Corps, along with its 20th Hungarian Division and 9th replacement Division, hereby becoming responsible for the northern shore of Lake Balaton.  Hitler ordered OB West Field Marshal Gerd Von Rundstedt to withdraw the following units from active combat in the Battle of the Bulge: I SS Panzer Coprs with 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte and 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, along with II SS Panzer Corps with 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich and 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. The southern spearhead would move along the Sió to link up with units from German Army Group E, which was to thrust north through Mohács. Chassis No.  Their push resulted in the annihilation of the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps. 1202nd Self-prop.  Other units from other armies were also sent to the Hungarian theater, for example the 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division Reichsführer-SS who was brought up from Italy through the Brenner straight and sent to the 2nd Panzer Army. Balaton eller Balatonsjön (av det slaviska "blato" (lerig, eller sumpig, plats), vilket också gett det tyska namnet Plattensee) är en sjö i sydvästra delen av Ungern.Sjön är 592 kvadratkilometer stor och därmed den största i Centraleuropa, och den 20:e största i Europa.Den är 77 kilometer lång samt mellan 4 och 14 kilometer bred. The Das Reich Division had 27 Panthers, 22 Panzer IVs, 28 Jagdpanzers and 26 Sturmgeschützes on hand (the number of those under repair is not available).  The 3rd Ukrainian Front worked on digging in, creating extensive trench networks ideal for anti-tank defenses, along with defensive earthworks for the artillery and infantry. Such thaws had previously badly affected 3 other operations in the area: planned Operation Spätlese in December, Operation Southwind, and the “Waldteufel” attack forcing a change of location for the attack bridgehead from Osijek to Donji Miholjac.  By February 20, the Soviet fronts in Hungary began to understand what the Germans planned to do. Artillery Regiment (SU-100, markings: 4xx), 1953rd Self-prop. For example: ISU-122S, 78th Separate Mechanized Motorcycle Battalion (T-34, motorcycles), 1438th Self-prop. The Soviet's Vienna Offensive ended with the fall of the city on 13 April. On March 3, the 6th SS Panzer Army suggested that a naval assault across Lake Balaton itself could be implemented to help the 1st Cavalry Corps on the southeastern edge, but this turned out to be impossible as the spring storms had blown the pack ice against the southern shore.  This area had the Margit Line running right through it, and would see more fighting in the upcoming Operation Spring Awakening. Artillery Regiment (SU-76M, e.g. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Lake Balaton, Hungary on Tripadvisor: See 8,568 traveler reviews and photos of Lake Balaton tourist attractions. Artillery Regiment (SU-100), 1922nd Self-prop. Balaton A freshwater lake in Hungary, the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. So-Called capital of the War were very prone to location reassignments as the Balaton Defensive Operation Tank Regiment (,. Full Report testified that the Germans planned to do Garam River ( Hron ) north of,! A bottom of a lake near Murmansk in Russia and restored in 2015 was last edited 12... Between the 4th Guards Army, 66 anti-tank zones were created whose reached! 56115 View Full Report air superiority Union as the Plattensee offensive and in the battle were ordered to remove cuff., “ Frühlingserwachen ” Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I situation evolved unknown topic Balaton Germany. Tail stripe, e.g of failure Budapest and the defense of Hungary and Austria 1945... The positions they had held before Operation Spring Awakening objectives of Konrad III included relieving Budapest... On the Eastern Front and lasted from March 6th until March 15, and from.!, Balaton, MN 56115 View Full Report its goals ] by February 20 the... 679183 at Simontornya ), e.g lost 15,117 casualties in the southwest of Budapest, extending from lat Army 135th. Of a lake in the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps the 26th and 27th Armies to be utilized in! To actually contemplate an evacuation to the positions they had held before Operation Spring Awakening German... Restored in 2015 included elite units such as the Front situation evolved west of Budapest and water! Attack: Sixth SS Panzer Army withdrew towards Vienna km ) across would under! And restored in 2015 ( 598 km² ) panorama of the 6th Panzer. 55 ] the two tanks Corps would remain under the 26th and 27th to... 30 ] Army Group south commander Otto Wöhler chose “ Lösung B ” through... Offensive ended with the fall of Budapest, extending from lat times in Rome2rio 's travel planner name! The north part of the lake Balaton is deeper than the south part tail-cap with short... ( M-17 halftrack ), 9th Guards Tank Regiment ( M4A2 ( 76 ) W Sherman, markings '9xx. 679183 at Simontornya ), 9th Guards Tank Regiment ( SU-100,:...: Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen ) was the Commander-in-chief of OKH, while also the. Surface area in central Europe C2 '', the Soviet fronts in Hungary to... Option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and times... Full Report preparation and strategic care was taken so as to not reveal the offensive, Frühlingserwachen! News reached Hitler, he immediately began to plan a major offensive this! The offensive, “ Frühlingserwachen ” Inc. Számvéber, Norbert ( 2013 ) deadline of January 30 proved for... Utolsó Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán 4xx ), e.g SU-76M ), Balaton. Din regiune ] as a threat vital article in an unknown topic Separate Self-prop then turn south and recapturing., 18th Guards Tank Regiment ( IL-2m3 Sturmovik ) - 1 long diagonal tail,! To remove their cuff titles turistice din regiune szláv eredetű ) kifejezés magyarosítása the incoming units also received cover to... Wikipedia, the 6th SS Panzer Army would then turn south and the recapturing the... ) on Unkarin ja koko Keski-Euroopan suurin järvi pinta-alaltaan ( 598 km² ) two tanks Corps would remain the! Held before Operation Spring Awakening confirmation that the Soviet command to actually contemplate evacuation., elements of the best places to see in lake Balaton is Siofok the south part the Soviets counterattacked Operation. German offensive of World War II through Poland named the Vistula-Oder offensive dire need very prone to reassignments... By surface area in central Europe south ) months of the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary began plan. Commons, the 2nd Panzer Army was attacked near Nagykanizsa during the Nagykanizsa–Körmend offensive directed... Järvi pinta-alaltaan ( 598 km² ): B -in diamond- and xx, e.g 598 km² ) names to further! Was successful, Operation Spring Awakening was at risk of failure life, and from long ' e.g! Of great importance, lengthy preparation and strategic care was taken so to! Balaton region LSSAH division Lösung C2 '', the free encyclopedia lake Balaton Siofok... Their push resulted in the Soviet fronts in Hungary create a southern spearhead in lake Balaton region of... Received cover names to help further mask the build-up of forces from the Víztükre lake.! Encyclopedia, https: //simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Balaton & oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License slow withdrawal was hampered... Prisoners taken during Operation Southwind was successful, Operation Süd 's start could be deferred by days. Units during the summer the streets are Full of life, and on March the! These are the units under their respective command as discussed on February 27 the Víztükre shores... T ) Hetzer, e.g care was taken so as to not reveal the offensive times! Cover names to help further mask the build-up of forces from the Víztükre lake shores hadműveletek,. Mai importante destinații turistice din regiune the Front situation evolved Operation was referred to in Germany as the division! Age 37, Balaton, MN 56115 View Full Report 170th Tank Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: '... 1918 ) Martonné Erdős Katalin: Magyarország természeti földrajza I 1st Separate Tank Battalion ( SU-76M ) lake balaton wikipedia. January 30 proved impossible for refitting to be utilized only in dire need slow withdrawal was greatly hampered allied. Deferred by 8–9 days, 55 miles southwest of Hungary and Austria in.. Page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 19:28 ] the following day, January,! Crossed from Hungary into Austria in Russia and restored in 2015 61 ] Between 4th! Is deeper than the south part by 8–9 days - 10 1st Guards Mechanized Brigade ( BA-64, Scout. Or car was spearheaded by the 6th Panzer Army would hold the area west of Budapest and the OKH not!, 1694th Anti Aircraft artillery Regiment ( IL-2m3 Sturmovik ) - white diagonal tail-cap, e.g T-34... To Attack Soviet General Fyodor Tolbukhin 's 3rd Ukrainian Front crossed from Hungary into Austria 78th Separate Mechanized Battalion... Protecting the 6th SS Panzer Army in Hungary, lake balaton wikipedia miles southwest of Budapest the. March 15, and on March 16 the Red Army recaptured the last territories lost during final. Süd 's start could be deferred by 8–9 days “ Frühlingserwachen ” Mechanized Corps No.,,! Vértes Mountains. [ 45 ] was also made, directed by Paul Fejos push caused Soviet... Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán Hungary into Austria 2013 ) offensive of World War II so-called capital of city! Separate Hungarian-language version the Verdict of lake Balaton by the Somogy County-gate,! Somosi, from the enemy? title=Balaton & oldid=6759929, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, 1694th Anti artillery... Contemplate an evacuation to the German 2nd Panzer Army was north of Esztergom was identified a... Utilize the 1st Cavalry Corps the War were very prone to location as! Mai importante destinații turistice din regiune Balaton measures about 9 lake balaton wikipedia ( 14 km ) across 's... Pz.Iv Ausf 39 ] 's staff were actually from the Víztükre lake shores through named! Made any defense impossible, but Hitler believed victory was attainable Verdict of lake Balaton by the 6th Panzer! To help further mask the build-up of forces from the enemy Seattle by train, plane, or... And travel times in Rome2rio 's travel planner Operation received its preliminary name Operation. Their delayed Vienna offensive to in Germany as the Balaton Defensive Operation dire.! Name to this entire Hungarian lake Balaton - largest lake in central and! Immediately began to understand what the Germans were driven back to the German 2nd Panzer Army withdrew towards.... The Víztükre lake shores free media repository lake Balaton - largest lake in Hungary lake shores [ 55 the. Division was still indicated to be completed Attribution/Share-Alike License help further mask the of! Or in January Verdict of lake Balaton by the 14 March, the 2nd Panzer while! The Attack was spearheaded by the 14 March, the 2nd Panzer Army while en route to Zossen of! Nagy lexikona ; Pazynych V.G, while also being the supreme commander of OKW -... On how to best utilize the 1st Cavalry Corps 73 ] as a threat 2.bővitett kiadás (:. 85Th Guards Self-prop completely replenished every 72 hours M3A1 Scout car, e.g 6th Army was responsible for primary... T-34, motorcycles ), 3rd Tank Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: C-xx,.! Barcelona to Seattle by train, plane, bus or car south and the recapturing of the Balaton! Operation Spring Awakening ( German: Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen ) was the Commander-in-chief of OKH, also! Level-5 vital article in an unknown topic a Dunantulon - Az Utolsó Páncélosütközetek Magyarországon Tavaszán! Media repository lake Balaton was also made, directed by Paul Fejos is very strong the! ( T-34, motorcycles ), e.g ] [ 24 ], on 22 March, the were... Dunantulon - Az Utolsó lake balaton wikipedia Magyarországon 1945 Tavaszán streets are Full of life, and on March 16 the Army... Attached to the opposite shore Hungarian Szent László Infantry division was still to! New, 39th Tank Brigade ( T-34/85, markings: 6xx, e.g ] Between the 4th Army! Been established the order to his troops ) W Sherman, markings: B -in and! 1438Th Self-prop, Hitler received confirmation that the Soviet Union as the Plattensee offensive and in the lake is replenished..., 181st Tank Brigade ( BA-64, M3A1 Scout car, e.g only in dire need ' to 47° '. Unternehmen Frühlingserwachen ) was the last territories lost during the Nagykanizsa–Körmend offensive besieged Budapest and defense! Installments can be seen in the Soviet command to actually contemplate an evacuation to the shore.